Needlestick injury is a serious problem among healthcare workers.
It is estimated that 800,000 needlesticks occur each year in the US, with about 2% of these likely to be contaminated with HIV. The risk of infection with Hepatitis B (HBV) or Hepatitis C (HCV) from a needlestick injury is far greater than the risk of contracting HIV however (2% – 40% for HBV and 3% – 10% for HCV). This is due in part to the fact that the prevalence of HIV in the general population is lower than that of Hepatitis B or C. It is also due to the fact that a greater exposure to viral load is required to contract HIV than either HBV or HCV. While these are by no means the only infections that can be transmitted via a needlestick, they are among the most serious and all have the potential to cause death.
As one would expect, nurses and phlebotomists have the greatest incidence of needlestick injury.
Since the passing of the Bloodborne Pathogens Standard in 1991 and its revision in 2000, much more emphasis has been placed on preventing these types of injuries in the healthcare setting. Employers have the responsibility of protecting their employees and are required by law to institute policies and provide equipment that aids in this goal.
The terms “biohazardous material,” “biohazardous waste,” “medical waste,” “regulated waste,” and “regulated medical waste” are used somewhat interchangeably, but they all have different definitions, and the definitions can change depending on the state in which you are located.
– refers to materials that present a risk or potential risk to the health of humans, animals, or the environment. They can be infectious agents or chemicals or other products that can damage the environment. Certain chemotherapy drugs and most laboratory reagents fall into the biohazardous material category.
– refers to waste (e.g. body fluids or tissues) which has the risk of carrying human pathogens. Biohazardous Waste is usually generated at health care facilities or research facilities, and the term is used interchangeably with Medical Waste.
– is the term OSHA uses to describe blood and body fluids and “OPIM” (other potentially infectious material) as defined in the Bloodborne Pathogens regulation (BBP).
Regulated Medical Waste
– refers to biohazardous waste whose handling is regulated by state or federal laws.
I’ve had a lot of questions since last week when I offered to help readers “get on the cloud.” Most people want to know – what exactly does getting on the cloud mean?
The term cloud comes from both the look of technical drawings which depict the relationship between cloud services and consumers, and is also a metaphor for the fact that cloud service providers exist out of sight in some distant location. My favorite definition of the cloud is “Using the Internet to store, manipulate and deliver data.” Here are 76 ways to do just that!
SECURITY & RISK MANAGEMENT
Decide user by user which files and folders each employee or stakeholder may have access to. Decide if the user may view information, upload information, download information, invite other collaborators or edit documents. Change the user’s permission instantly, or eliminate their access to everything on the spot.
Store critical documents: letter of incorporation, Tax ID assignment, Medicare letters, shareholder agreements, by-laws, etc.
Scan in any and all documentation of lawsuits and or legal correspondence about patients.
Collate logon information for important sites: CAQH, NPPES, PECOS, state board, specialty board, etc.
Collect all information needed for credentialing and privileges for all providers in one easy place: CV, photo, license, board credentials, DEA, state registration, malpractice, references, etc. Keep copies of all credentialing applications in the same file.
Keep a licensing and privileges spreadsheet for all professionals so deadlines don’t take you by surprise. Include CPR, ALSC, DEA, state licenses, and board certification and recertification.
Never worry if you’ve locked your office, your file cabinet or your desk again. Your information is safe in the cloud.
Store important logons and passwords on the cloud along with instructions and know that if something happens to you, the business will recover quickly.
Have employees watch for health fairs and special events that your practice can participate in. Develop a calendar for community events that you can prepare for annually.
Share files up to 2GB (images, video, audio, text)
Turn a folder into a public web page.
Start a secure referrers’ area and give access to those practices that refer to you. Stock it with FAQs, referral forms, maps and directions to your practice, and phone numbers and emails for communication. Keep a referrer satisfaction survey on their pod at all times.
Push the patient schedule into the cloud so any provider can check their schedule at any time from anywhere.
Store building or suite blueprints.
Develop a practice glossary to document all abbreviations and specialty-specific terminology – very helpful for new employees and transcriptionists.
Make a secure education area for your patients which they can access from your website or in your waiting area on iPads. Include websites, blogs, patient satisfaction and other surveys, health tracking programs, etc.
For those providers on productivity bonuses, push a productivity report to the cloud for them to review privately.
Put staff education programs on the cloud for new employee orientation and annual training on compliance, OSHA, HIPAA, fire safety and disaster communication plans.
Post photos of the office picnic or Christmas party, or the new baby, or the bride and groom.
Use the cloud as a digital scrapbook of events, new employees, new services, accolades, advertising or publicity.
Pass around a digital birthday greeting card to all staff except the one having the birthday!
Post a job on craigslist. Once you have a group of candidates you want to consider, give them a link to a folder with the position job description, benefits schedule and in-depth information about the hiring time line.
Post lunch menus for restaurants and take-outs within several miles of the practice so employees can get lunch efficiently and quickly.
Post the office schedule for the year showing which dates the office will be closed for holidays.
Post the call schedule and let your answering service and the hospitals view it.
Publish your weekly practice newsletter on the cloud – it becomes an instant record of when and how things were communicated.
Scan invoices to the cloud for storage once you’ve paid them.
Scan invoices to the cloud for an external bookkeeper to access and pay them.
Scan invoices to the cloud for a physician to approve them for payment.
Scan the daily accounts receivable work (EOBs, checks, deposit slips, denials, reconciliations) to the cloud and shred the originals at the interval of your choice.
Scan documents to the cloud when you are notified that employees are having monies withheld from their paychecks for child support or garnishment, or when they change their deposit information or retirement plan contribution.
Track the history of files and folders – when did we change this policy? When did we go to this compensation system? What was the original wording of this contract?
Generate reports on employee productivity, looking for patterns of collaboration and innovation.
Scan RAC, CERT, ZPIC and other audit letters when they come and keep a spreadsheet of dates records and appeals are due.
Have online meetings centered around documents in the cloud.
Post job protocols and empower employees to change protocols regularly as information and routines change.
Start a CME log for each provider that the providers can easily add to.
Have your employees collect stories, links and other items in the cloud to push to your Facebook page or website blog.
Keep minutes from physician meetings and request all physicians review, ask for changes and sign off.
Keep attendance and minutes from staff meetings and ask all staff to electronically sign the minutes.
Have each employee keep a continuing education log for face-to-face and online education.
Assign tasks. Place something on the cloud and assign staff to respond to it, change it, develop it or implement it.
Develop a “How Do I?” document for quick information new employees need to know and established employees may not remember. Some examples: How do I reach the inclement weather information line? What do I do if there is a blood spill in the practice?
For the manager – develop a staff roster with dates of hire, dates of birth, social security numbers, phone numbers, hourly wage and termination dates. One document will answer 25% of questions you have or others ask you every day.
Standardize protocols and information when you have multiple sites or divisions.
Show each employee how to keep their most-used files on their digital desktop to access without a logon and password.
Sync desktop folders to cloud folders automatically – documents are updated to the latest version without thinking about it.
Restructure your files and folders as many times as you want or need to. Rename files, move and copy files, and delete files if they are not serving the purpose you thought they would.
Expand the number of users instantly for special projects.
Put every form on the cloud, have employees complete them on the cloud, sign them electronically, then share them with you for your electronic signature.
Put new templates or forms on the cloud for everyone to draw from – eliminate old letterheads, logos, addresses, etc. instantly.
Fax documents from the cloud to a fax machine.
Email files from anywhere.
Search for anything in your cloud by words or phrases. Never lose anything again!
Access the cloud from anywhere and from any device – smartphone, PC, iPad…
Put the patient schedule information into the cloud so if inclement weather hits, staff can access the schedule at home and contact patients about their appointments.
Access your business 24/7/365.
Assign a folder for your CPA to be notified when financials are available for download, or for you and the physicians to be notified when s/he finishes the financials or taxes.
Assign a folder for your benefits broker to be notified when new employee applications for medical and dental benefits are available for download.
Assign a folder for your banker to be notified when quarterly financials are available for download.
Assign a folder for your physicians/owners to be notified when monthly or quarterly financials are available for their review.
Post practice calendars for paid time off requested and approved.
Develop a physician referral resource tool if your PMS does not organize that information well. Create your own spreadsheet with all the fields of information that are important to your practice and have all employees add to it and correct it routinely. Have someone in the practice or a temp or prn person call every practice/group on the list twice a year and confirm all the pertinent information.
Post a “Who Covers Whom” list that spells out who covers primary responsibilities in the practice when someone is out of the office. Building your team 3 deep (for every primary task, there are at least 3 people that can perform that task) is crucial for reducing vulnerability.
Video new employees answering a few questions about themselves and post it on the cloud for all staff to view.
Put video of all staff introducing themselves and telling what they do on the cloud for new employees to view.
Video benefit providers discussing benefits so employees can watch at any time – medical insurance, dental insurance, vision insurance, short and long-term disability, life insurance and retirement benefits. Employees will get more out of and become more aware of what their benefits are.
Make an easy-reference spreadsheet with the payer contracts listed and images of the plan cards for staff to be able to identify the contracts and plans in force at any given time.
Keep personnel files on the cloud. You may choose to have a file of documents the employee may see and get a copy of, and a file of documents they may not see or get copies of. Both can be a part of the same folder.
Store scripts for your messages on hold, your after-hours message and your scripting for employees.
Increase storage space without buying any hardware or software.
Scan charts into the cloud as a preliminary repository before implementing EMR, or scan charts of inactive patients in so you don’t have to pay to store them offsite.
Never back-up your documents on your computer again.
Put your triage algorithm or flow sheet on the cloud. Hire nurses to triage from home.
If a manual doesn’t come electronically, scan it onto your cloud. Check the manual before you call the repairman.
Preserve your valuable employee knowledge – have each department develop a folder with the important resources for their staff. The billing department may have websites they refer to for coding questions, a primer on evaluation and management coding, a cheat sheet on standard practice fees, and a calendar for the times of the year that different updates and revisions to CPTs, ICDs and NCCI edits.
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, “Ergonomic disorders including CTS (carpal tunnel syndrome), various tendon disorders and lower back injuries, are the most rapidly growing category of OSHA recordable injuries and illnesses.”
Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) account for $1 of every $3 spent on Workers Compensation in America and affect 1.8 million workers each year which many experts believe represents significant under-reporting of the true incidence of ergonomic injury nationally. Compared to other private industry sectors, the medical, economic, and social costs of work-related musculoskeletal disorders or ergonomic injuries in the healthcare environment are particularly serious and warrant special consideration.
To protect your most valuable resource, your employees, follow these guidelines and use the links below:
Have an ergonomic specialist speak at staff meetings annually to educate your employees on ergonomically sound work habits.
As a part of orientation, give new employees verbal and written instruction on arranging their workstations so they can be comfortable and safe.
When an employee asks for a new chair, an ergonomic keyboard or a higher or lower desk, arrange for a professional ergonomic assessment (most physical therapy groups can provide this) to ensure the needs of the employee are correctly met. Ergonomic assessments for all employees is ideal, but not always possible.
If staff are physically assisting patients or lifting them at all, institute a lift program and make sure you have the correct equipment to protect the staff against lifting injuries. Some private medical practices have a zero-lift policy, which means staff do not lift patients for any reason. Typically, family members and caregivers assist and lift patients in the practice setting.
Consider wired headsets or wireless headsets instead of handsets for natural neck positioning when talking on the phone.
Always document all efforts to provide your staff with a safe and comfortable workplace.